Friday March 25 8:00am to 9:00am
Post-Traumatic Growth: Finding Benefits Within Challenges
Daniel is the president and founder of the Peer Recovery and Resiliency Society, a group that supports emergency workers from around the world and aids in their post traumatic growth.
Daniel Sundahl (DanSun) is a published artist and writer and has three (3) art books produced of his works. Articles of his work are featured in Canadian Paramedicine, Journal of Emergency Medicine (JEMS), Fire Rescue Magazine, EMS One, EMS World Magazine and The Canadian Journal of Emergency Nursing. His art is recognized worldwide, and he travels internationally speaking on his art and personal experiences with occupational stress injuries and post-traumatic growth.
"I think I'm going to throw up" is a complaint heard daily. It's so common that most providers have developed a reflex to quickly grab for the emesis bag and pray they don't have to clean up a mess. At the advanced levels, the reflex has evolved into dispensing antiemetic medications like candy at Halloween. Not all nausea and vomiting patients are routine and frequently these symptoms mask underlying, life-threatening problems. We discuss the most common etiologies of nausea and vomiting and provide assessment strategies to better identify when these symptoms indicate a potentially critical patient. We will describe best practice, prehospital treatment for nausea (both basic and advanced interventions) and review the current evidence to differentiate myth from fact. This session is appropriate for all EMS levels.
When you hear dispatch say "pregnant" woman over the radio, do you start to have palpitations and become diaphoretic? No worries! We will explore a comprehensive review of OB & GYN emergencies from the physiology of pregnancy, out-of-hospital delivery, special maneuvers, life-threatening emergencies for newborn and mother, and special considerations with trauma and cardiac arrests. This session is appropriate for all EMS levels.
Caring for patients in asthma exacerbation can be challenging if initial therapies do not work. My topic will cover the prehospital management of the unstable patient with severe asthma exacerbation This session is appropriate for all EMS levels.
In this segment, we will discuss the basic need to know for tactical EMS as well as the latest evolutions. While this discussion will include important aspects for TEMS providers, in today's era, everyone in public safety must now be engaged in this critical system of care. This session is appropriate for all EMS levels.
Prehospital Burn Management can sometimes be a difficult or frightening part of our everyday EMS lives. Mainly due to burn injuries being low frequency calls for us as providers. Your confidence in managing these patients can be increased considerably with attending this course. From a review of anatomy and physiology to current treatments and an understanding of what Burn Centers can do for your patients, you can walk away from this class with a confidence of proper treatment and how to stop the burn! This session is appropriate for all EMS levels.
Recent public health statistics show that patients of certain socioeconomic status (SES), gender, and race/ ethnicity are disproportionately affected with respect to morbidity and mortality for multiple disease processes, leading to health disparities and inequities. All sectors of the emergency care delivery system, including EMS, can play a role in examining and reducing health disparities through educational, operational, and quality improvement interventions. When providing care to patients, EMS personnel need to understand the definitions and circumstances surrounding health disparities, healthcare inequities, and social determinants of health. We explore aspects of systemic racism that affect health disparities in EMS and strategies to address clinician bias to provide equitable care to all patients. This session is appropriate for all EMS levels.
While back pain is a common complaint, and is often innocuous, spinal cord injuries and medical pathology make up some of the highest-risk emergencies prehospital providers can face, as improper treatment can place patients at risk for lifelong disabilities. This session will review anatomy and function of the spinal cord, including the bony vertebrae and neural pathways within. Sample case studies will be utilized to highlight salient clinical scenarios including pathology such as traumatic cord injury, cauda equina syndrome, spinal epidural abscess, and more. Please note that this session's content is independent from the 2022 Neuroanatomy presentation, so feel free to attend regardless of if you joined last year! This session is appropriate for all EMS levels.
In 2023 about 2 million people in the United States will be diagnosed with cancer and there will be about 20 million cancer survivors alive this year. Unfortunately, about 650000 people will die from a neoplastic disease this year as well. This population will continue to grow due to earlier diagnosis and improved treatment options. Patients with cancer diagnoses and those undergoing treatment may present with emergencies related to the disease or treatment. They often have additional underlying medical conditions such as coronary artery disease, pulmonary problems, diabetes, and hypertension. Some of the conditions we will review will include superior vena cava syndrome, thrombotic complications, infusion reactions, and the febrile patient on current chemotherapy. We will look at these and other emergencies in greater detail and discuss the initial management of these complex patients in the prehospital setting by ALS and BLS providers. This session is appropriate for all EMS levels.
We will discuss 4 cases in which "things are not as they [initially] seem." The attendees will be challenged to think about the cases as they develop. This session is appropriate for all EMS levels.
Managing a trauma airway can be difficult, but not impossible We will discuss how to properly manage a traumatic airway, and the equipment available to do so. This session is appropriate for all EMS levels.
Patients with terminal illness or who are in hospice often present challenges for EMS clinicians to determine the most appropriate approach to management and transport. This presentation will cover legal and ethical considerations for patients with and without advanced directives who are nearing end of life. This will include review of pertinent legal documents and regulations, and discussion of real-life scenarios This session is appropriate for all EMS levels.
Senior citizens, which I am about to become, don't like to follow "the rules." A simple ground level fall can cause a massive subdural hematoma and minor MVA can result in multiple rib fractures. An understanding of geriatric physiology and trauma patterns will lead to better care for this unique population. This session is appropriate for all EMS levels.
Patients with LVAD's can present with unique challenges in the prehospital setting. In this case based discussion, I will highlight some of the issues and common complaints that patients with LVAD call 911 for. I will also address specific management and therapeutic intervention. This session is appropriate for all EMS levels.
The national guidelines for the field triage of injured patients were updated this year. In this presentation, Dr. Kupas will review key changes to the criteria and will discuss the science behind these changes. Important changes include a new structure for the guidelines, the shock index, and changes addressing geriatric trauma care. This session will use case discussions to show practical application of the changes. Objectives: describe the new trauma triage criteria / apply shock index to trauma triage / discuss likelihood ratios for various trauma triage criteria and understand their application to field triage / discuss criteria that reduce under triage of elderly trauma patients.
Recruitment and retention failures are an epidemic that plagues EMS at all levels. While pay plays a large role, the factors that are most controllable by leadership are consistently related to the culture that is created within the organization. Pride, identity, ownership, and belonging are among the most important anchors for retention and yet these valuable traits are too often minimized and ignored. Retention is a leadership skill that can be crafted and improved and we discuss how to do just that. This session is appropriate for all EMS levels.
We spend a good amount of time interacting with others and since we come in contact with so many people during our daily duties, it is vital we have the skills necessary to communicate effectively. From hospital staff, other first responders, patients and their families, we are sending both verbal and nonverbal messages. Effective communication is more than just being able to talk to someone. We have to be active listeners, understand what others are saying, and be able to read and interpret body language. This session is appropriate for all EMS levels.
Pediatric acute care visits and hospitalizations are driven by respiratory viruses. Both new agents (COVID) and old challenges (influenza and RSV) cause significant morbidity in children. The session will review up to date epidemiology, treatments, and tip and tricks for management of each virus which will improve care in the prehospital setting, and highlight safety and prevention measures for providers. This session is appropriate for all EMS levels.
When caring for patients who are critically ill, it is easy to get distracted by the underlying injury or illness which can delay the delivery of crucial intervention to prevent worsening decompensation. My topic will go over the management of the peri-arrest, critically ill patient. This session is appropriate for all EMS levels.
An overview of seizure classification, differential diagnoses, examination techniques for the seizing/post-ictal patient, and management considerations. This course will use case reviews for an interactive illustration of concepts, state protocols, and lessons learned including presentations masquerading as other pathologies. This session is appropriate for all EMS levels.
An open discussion on the EMS system in Pennsylvania and what the Bureau of EMS can do to better it.
Acute abdominal pain is a common pre-hospital and emergency department complaint, accounting for approximately 10 - 15% of all visits to the ED. The cause of the abdominal pain, especially in older adults, can be very difficult to identify. Additionally, abdominal pain in the older adult is much more likely to be related to a serious - even life-threatening medical condition - than what we typically encounter with adults under age 50 or the pediatric population. This presentation will review common medical conditions associated with abdominal pain in older adults, as well as review important points in the patient's history of present illness, and subtle findings on the physical exam that suggest more serious pathology. This session is appropriate for all EMS levels.
Social Determinants of Health (SDH) are the complex circumstances in which individuals are born and live that impact their health. They include intangible factors such as political, socioeconomic, and cultural constructs, as well as place-based conditions including accessible healthcare and education systems. SDH contribute to most health inequalities. Substantial empirical evidence of the impact of social and behavioral factors that impede disease self-management and lead to or exacerbate existing comorbid conditions have accumulated over the past few decades. For example, lack of housing and social support are associated with higher mortality and poor health outcomes. EMS providers encounter patients in difficult social situations on a day-to-day basis-sometimes as the primary cause of an incident, or sometimes in the background of an incident. In fact, EMS providers are often the first to recognize a social difficulty in a person's life, but with few tools to assist in a non-emergency capacity, these vulnerable patients don't always get the kind of help they actually need, leaving providers feeling helpless. This session is appropriate for all EMS levels.
Police officers, paramedics, and firefighters are commonly known as first responders. First responders are individuals who are trained to respond to emergencies. They are the first to arrive to a scene to provide emergency assistance. Now, we can add a fourth first responder, a police social worker. With the collaboration of EMS workers and social workers, these first responders can assist communities in a multitude of aspects. Over the past two years, we (EMS and police social worker), have had the privilege of working alongside each other. Emergency responders go above and beyond to serve their communities, keeping residents safe. However, the needs of the public are sometimes greater than the services the EMS can provide. Both first responders are tasked with responding to crisis situations. With the assistance of police social workers, community members can be directed to programs and services which can potentially avoid another EMS call in the future. Medics respond with goal of providing life-sustaining treatment and transporting patients to higher levels of care unavailable in the field. What happens when the patient requires further services that don't warrant a trip to the hospital? When EMS can collaborate with social services, not only does the patient receive the ultimate care, but it also reduces the load on the hospital systems. If EMS and social services can have a near symbiotic relationship, the primary goal of providing care in the best interest of the patient can be achieved both short and long term. This session is appropriate for all EMS levels.
Over the past six months, clinicians from across Pennsylvania have been reviewing the current BLS, AEMT, ALS and CCT protocols and suggesting/debating changes and additions. Implementation of these new protocols is expected to take effect July 1 2023; attend this session and get an overview of the new protocols and the rationale behind some of the changes. EMS West's Regional Medical Director will also review some regional QA findings and provide additional clinical insights. This session is appropriate for all EMS levels.
As EMS advances, there are more and more relevant studies in scientific journals, but how can you know which ones really matter? This quick statistics primer will help you figure out whether a study is worth your time. This session is appropriate for all EMS levels.